Oil and Fodder Crop Collections at Malchow/Poel
The Malchow collections hold a total of more than 14.000 accessions from 150 species and 16 genera. In its centre are 10.500 Gramineae accessions. Besides, 2.500 Cruciferae accessions and 1.300 small grain Leguminosae entries are maintained. According to European regeneration standards for forage and oil crop plant genetic resources, the reproduction of the genetic resources is conducted in isolation plots in the field or in greenhouse cabins. The seeds are maintained in cold storage chambers (at -5°C as active collection, at -20°C as base collection) and additionally at external sites as safety duplicates (since 2000 at IPK Gatersleben, since 2008 at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault/Norway). Germination rates are determined periodically.
For characterizations and evaluations, a subset of the collection is cultivated annually as individual plants or in rows. Of priority are characterization of new samples and evaluation of recent Gramineae collection material, mainly Lolium perenne L., for morphological and breeding traits. In co-operation with university institutes and the Julius Kuehn Institute (Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants), relevant quality traits (e.g. of the Brassica napus core collection) and resistance of populations against diseases and drought stress were analyzed. The results are publicly available (via Internet or by request).
The passport data of the oil and fodder crops, as well as first C&E data are available on-line via GBIS and EURISCO. They are the basis for a targeted selection of accessions by the different user groups.