© Leibniz-Institut (IPK)


Traditionally our focus is on evolution of genomes and karyotypes of related plant groups with varying genome sizes and chromosome numbers. We study reasons and consequences of genome size variability by testing for whole genome duplications and chromosome rearrangements, e. g. among the 36 species of the five duckweed genera.

We quantify the outcome of DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair at the sequence and the chromosome level to elucidate its impact on evolutionary stability versus dynamics of small versus large genomes.

The picture above symbolizes three strategies of genome size evolution based on different tendencies of DSB repair and the hypothetical relation between genome size and karyotype evolution. Mutations within and/or selection of DSB repair pathways may lead to consolidation of a strategy or to a switch between strategies. Furthermore, the model explains the so-called ‘C-value paraoxon’, the lacking correlation of genetic complexity and genome size in eukaryotes.

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Acosta K, Appenroth K J, Borisjuk L, Edelman M, Heinig U, Jansen M A K, Oyama T, Pasaribu B, Schubert I, Sorrels S, Sree K S, Xu S, Michael T P, Lam E:

Return of the Lemnaceae: Duckweed as a model plant system in the genomics and post-genomics era. Plant Cell 33 (2021) 3207-3234. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/plcell/koab189

Hoang P T N, Rouillard J M, Macas J, Kubalová I, Schubert V, Schubert I:

Limitation of current probe design for oligo-cross-FISH, exemplified by chromosome evolution studies in duckweeds. Chromosoma 130 (2021) 15-25. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-020-00749-2

Schubert I:

Boon and bane of DNA double-strand breaks. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 22 (2021) 5171. https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms22105171


Bog M, Sree K S, Fuchs J, Hoang P T N, Schubert I, Kuever J, Rabenstein A, Paolacci S, Jansen M A K, Appenroth K-J:

A taxonomic revision of Lemna sect. Uninerves (Lemnaceae). Taxon 69 (2020) 56-66. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/tax.12188

Cao H X, Vu G T H:

Cytogenetics, epigenetics and karyotype evolution of duckweeds. In: Cao X H, Fourounjian P, Wang W (Eds.): The duckweed genomes. (Series: Compendium of plant genomes) Cham: Springer (2020) 47-57. doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11045-1_4

Hoang P T N, Fiebig A, Novák P, Macas J, Cao H X, Stepanenko A, Chen G, Borisjuk N, Scholz U, Schubert I:

Chromosome-scale genome assembly for the duckweed Spirodela intermedia, integrating cytogenetic maps, PacBio and Oxford Nanopore libraries. Sci. Rep. 10 (2020) 19230. https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-75728-9

Nowicka A, Tokarz B, Zwyrtková J, Dvořák Tomaštíková E, Procházková K, Ercan U, Finke A, Rozhon W, Poppenberger B, Otmar M, Niezgodzki I, Krečmerová M, Schubert I, Pecinka A:

Comparative analysis of epigenetic inhibitors reveals different degrees of interference with transcriptional gene silencing and induction of DNA damage. Plant J. 102 (2020) 68-84. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tpj.14612

Palfalvi G, Hackl T, Terhoeven N, Shibata T F, Nishiyama T, Ankenbrand M, Becker D, Förster F, Freund M, Iosip A, Kreuzer I, Saul F, Kamida C, Fukushima K, Shigenobu S, Tamada Y, Adamec L, Hoshi Y, Ueda K, Winkelmann T, Fuchs J, Schubert I, Schwacke R, Al-Rasheid K, Schultz J, Hasebe M, Hedrich R:

Genomes of the Venus flytrap and close relatives unveil the roots of plant carnivory. Curr. Biol. 30 (2020) 2312-2320. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2020.04.051

Schubert V, Neumann P, Marques A, Heckmann S, Macas J, Pedrosa-Harand A, Schubert I, Jang T-S, Houben A:

Super-resolution microscopy reveals diversity of plant centromere architecture. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 21 (2020) 3488. https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21103488


Finke A, Mandáková T, Nawaz K, Vu G T H, Novák P, Macas J, Lysak M A, Pecinka A:

Genome invasion by a hypomethylated satellite repeat in Australian crucifer Ballantinia antipoda. Plant J. 99 (2019) 1066-1079. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tpj.14380

Hoang P T N, Schubert I:

Combination of various sequencing, assembly and mapping approaches, creating a reliable genome assembly for emerging aquatic crops. GIT Laboratory J. 23 (2019) 14-17.

Hoang P T N, Schubert V, Meister A, Fuchs J, Schubert I:

Variation in genome size, cell and nucleus volume, chromosome number and rDNA loci among duckweeds. Sci. Rep. 9 (2019) 3234. https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39332-w

Houben A, Schubert I:

Bericht zur Internationalen Konferenz Plant genome stability and change" (03.-06-06.2018 in Gatersleben)." Leopoldina-Jahrbuch 2018 (2019) 311-314.


Ávila Robledillo L, Koblížková A, Novák P, Böttinger K, Vrbová I, Neumann P, Schubert I, Macas J:

Satellite DNA in Vicia faba is characterized by remarkable diversity in its sequence composition, association with centromeres, and replication timing. Sci. Rep. 8 (2018) 5838. https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-24196-3

Hoang P N T, Michael T P, Gilbert S, Chu P, Motley T S, Appenroth K J, Schubert I, Lam E:

Generating a high-confidence reference genome map of the Greater Duckweed by integration of cytogenomic, optical mapping and Oxford Nanopore technologies. Plant J. 96 (2018) 670-684. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tpj.14049

Schubert I:

What is behind centromere repositioning"?" Chromosoma 127 (2018) 229-234. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-018-0672-y


Baroux C, Pecinka A, Fuchs J, Kreth G, Schubert I, Grossniklaus U:

Non-random chromosome arrangement in triploid endosperm nuclei. Chromosoma 126 (2017) 115-124. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-016-0578-5

Hoang P T N, Schubert I:

Reconstruction of chromosome rearrangements between the two most ancestral duckweed species Spirodela polyrhiza and S. intermedia. Chromosoma 126 (2017) 729-739. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-017-0636-7

Schubert I:

Some past developments and open questions in understanding the biology of nucleus. The Nucleus 60 (2017) 247-249. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13237-017-0217-4

Tran T D, Šimková H, Schmidt R, Doležel J, Schubert I, Fuchs J:

Chromosome identification for the carnivorous plant Genlisea margaretae. Chromosoma 126 (2017) 389–397. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-016-0599-0

Vu G T H, Cao H X, Fauser F, Reiss B, Puchta H, Schubert I:

Endogenous sequence patterns predispose the repair modes of CRISPR/Cas9-induced DNA double strand breaks in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 92 (2017) 57-67. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tpj.13634

Vu G T H, Cao H X, Reiss B, Schubert I:

Deletion-bias in DNA double-strand break repair differentially contributes to plant genome shrinkage. New Phytol. 214 (2017) 1712–1721. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.14490


Cao H X, Vu G T H, Wang W, Appenroth K J, Messing J, Schubert I:

The map-based genome sequence of Spirodela polyrhiza aligned with its chromosomes, a reference for karyotype evolution. New Phytol. 209 (2016) 354-363. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.13592

Cao H X, Wang W, Le H T T, Vu G T H:

The power of CRISPR-Cas9-induced genome editing to speed up plant breeding. Int. J. Genomics 2016 (2016) Article ID 5078796. https://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5078796

Fransz P, Linc G, Lee C R, Aflitos S A, Lasky J R, Toomajian C, Ali H, Peters J, van Dam P, Ji X, Kuzak M, Gerats T, Schubert I, Schneeberger K, Colot V, Martienssen R, Koornneef M, Nordborg M, Juenger T E, de Jong H, Schranz M E:

Molecular, genetic and evolutionary analysis of a paracentric inversion in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 88 (2016) 159-178. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tpj.13262

Lermontova I, Fajkus J, Schmit A C, Schubert I (Eds.):

Front. Plant Sci., Special Research Topic “Centromere and telomere biology of Plants” Vol. 7. (2016) pp.

Schubert I:

We have an inflation of review papers – for what are reviews good? Front. Plant Sci. 7 (2016) 88. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.00088

Schubert I, Vu G T H:

Genome stability and evolution: attempting a holistic view. Trends Plant Sci. 21 (2016) 749-757. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2016.06.003

Watanabe K, Breier U, Hensel G, Kumlehn J, Schubert I, Reiss B:

Stable gene replacement in barley by targeted double-strand break induction. J. Exp. Bot. 67 (2016) 1433-1445. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erv537


Cao H X, Schmutzer T, Scholz U, Pecinka A, Schubert I, Vu G T H:

Metatranscriptome analysis reveals host-microbiome interactions in traps of carnivorous Genlisea species. Front. Microbiol. 6 (2015) 526. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2015.00526

Cao H X, Vu G T, Wang W, Messing J, Schubert I:

Chromatin organisation in duckweed interphase nuclei in relation to the nuclear DNA content. Plant Biol. 17 (2015) 120-124. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/plb.12194

Tran D T, Cao H X, Jovtchev G, Novák P, Vu G T H, Macas J, Schubert I, Fuchs J:

Chromatin organization and cytological features of carnivorous Genlisea species with large genome size differences. Front. Plant Sci. 6 (2015) 613. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.00613

Tran T D, Cao H X, Jovtchev G, Neumann P, Novak P, Fojtova M, Vu G T, Macas J, Fajkus J, Schubert I, Fuchs J:

Centromere and telomere sequence alterations reflect the rapid genome evolution within the carnivorous plant genus Genlisea. Plant J. 84 (2015) 1087-1099. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tpj.13058

Vu G T H, Schmutzer T, Bull F, Cao H X, Fuchs J, Tran D T, Jovtchev G, Pistrick K, Stein N, Pecinka A, Neumann P, Novák P, Macas J, Dear P H, Blattner F R, Scholz U, Schubert I:

Comparative genome analysis reveals divergent genome size evolution in a carnivorous plant genus. Plant Genome 8 (2015) 1-14. https://dx.doi.org/10.3835/plantgenome2015.04.0021

Wicker T, Wing R A, Schubert I:

Recurrent sequence exchange between homeologous grass chromosomes. Plant J. 84 (2015) 747-759. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tpj.13040


Cao H X, Schmidt R:

Intergenomic single nucleotide polymorphisms as a tool for bacterial artificial chromosome contig building of homoeologous Brassica napus regions. BMC Genomics 15 (2014) 560. https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-15-560

Majerová E, Mandáková T, Vu G T H, Fajkus J, Lysak M A, Fojtova M:

Chromatin features of plant telomeric sequences at terminal versus internal positions. Front. Plant Sci. 5 (2014) 593. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2014.00593

Ruiz-Rodriguez M D, Avila C M, Torres A M, Fuchs J, Schubert I:

Anchoring of genetic linkage maps to the chromosome complement of Vicia faba L. Mol. Breed. 33 (2014) 743-748. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11032-013-9969-y

Schubert V, Lermontova I, Schubert I:

Loading of the centromeric histone H3 variant during meiosis - how does it differ from mitosis? Chromosoma 123 (2014) 491-497. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-014-0466-9

Schubert V, Rudnik R, Schubert I:

Chromatin associations in Arabidopsis interphase nuclei. Front. Genet. 5 (2014) 389. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2014.00389

Vu G T H, Cao H X, Watanabe K, Hensel G, Blattner F R, Kumlehn J, Schubert I:

Repair of site-specific DNA double-strand breaks in barley occurs via diverse pathways primarily involving the sister chromatid. Plant Cell 26 (2014) 2156-2167. https://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.114.126607

Wang W, Haberer G, Gundlach H, Gläßer C, Nussbaumer T, Luo M C, Lomsadze A, Borodovsky M, Kerstetter R A, Shanklin J, Byrant D W, Mockler T C, Appenroth K J, Grimwood J, Jenkins J, Chow J, Choi C, Adam C, Cao X H, Fuchs J, Schubert I, Rokhsar D, Schmutz J, Michael T P, Mayer K F, Messing J X:

The Spirodela polyrhiza genome reveals insights into its neotenous reduction fast growth and aquatic lifestyle. Nat. Commun. 5 (2014) 3311. https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4311


Aliyu O M, Seifert M, Corral J M, Fuchs J, Sharbel T F:

Copy number variation in transcriptionally active regions of sexual and apomictic Boechera demonstrates independently-derived apomictic lineages. Plant Cell 25 (2013) 3808-3823. https://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.113.113860

Gohlke J, Scholz C J, Kneitz S, Weber D, Fuchs J, Hedrich R, Deeken R:

DNA methylation mediated control of gene expression is critical for development of crown gall tumors. PLoS Genet. 9 (2013) e1003267. https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003267

Heckmann S, Macas J, Kumke K, Fuchs J, Schubert V, Ma L, Novák P, Neumann P, Taudien S, Platzer M, Houben A:

The holocentric species Luzula elegans shows interplay between centromere and large-scale genome organization. Plant J. 73 (2013) 555-565. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tpj.12054

Houben A, Mette M F, Teo C H, Lermontova I, Schubert I:

Engineered plant minichromosomes. Int. J. Dev. Biol. 57 (2013) 651-657. https://dx.doi.org/10.1387/ijdb.130144ah

Lermontova I, Kuhlmann M, Friedel S, Rutten T, Heckmann S, Sandmann M, Demidov D, Schubert V, Schubert I:

Arabidopsis KINETOCHORE NULL2 is an upstream component for cenH3 deposition at centromeres. Plant Cell 25 (2013) 3389-3404. https://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.113.114736

Lermontova I, Schubert I:

CENH3 for establishing and maintaining centromeres. In: Jiang J, Birchler J A (Eds.): Plant centromere biology, Vol. 1. Oxford [u.a.]: Wiley-Blackwell (2013) 67-82. dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118525715.ch6 ISBN 978-1-119-94921-3

Lysak M A, Schubert I:

Mechanisms of chromosome rearrangements. In: Greilhuber J, Dolezel J, Wendel J F (Eds.): Plant genome diversity, Vol. 2, Physical structure, behaviour and evolution of plant genomes. Wien [u.a.]: Springer (2013) 137-147. dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-1160-4_9 ISBN 978-3-7091-1159-8

Mascher M, Schubert I, Scholz U, Friedel S:

Patterns of nucleotide asymmetries in plant and animal genomes. Biosystems 111 (2013) 181-189. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2013.02.001

Mau M, Corral J M, Vogel H, Melzer M, Fuchs J, Kuhlmann M, de Storme N, Geelen D, Sharbel T F:

The conserved chimeric transcript UPGRADE2 is associated with unreduced pollen formation and is exclusively found in apomictic Boechera species. Plant Physiol. 163 (2013) 1640-1659. https://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.113.222448

Pecinka A, Abdelsamad A, Vu G T:

Hidden genetic nature of epigenetic natural variation in plants. Trends Plant Sci. 18 (2013) 625-632. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2013.07.005

Pfündel E E, Klughammer C, Meister A, Cerovic Z G:

Deriving fluorometer-specific values of relative PSI fluorescence intensity from quenching of F0 fluorescence in leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana and Zea mays. Photosynth. Res. 114 (2013) 189-206. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11120-012-9788-8

Sandmann M:

In vitro expression, purification and biochemical characterization of KNL2 protein of Arabidopsis thaliana. (Diploma Thesis) Jena, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität (2013) 87 pp.

Schubert V, Lermontova I, Schubert I:

The Arabidopsis CAP-D proteins are required for correct chromatin organisation, growth and fertility. Chromosoma 122 (2013) 517-533. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-013-0424-y

Sousa A, Fuchs J, Renner S S:

Molecular cytogenetics (FISH, GISH) of Coccinia grandis, a ca. 3 myr-old species of Cucurbitaceae with the largest Y/autosome divergence in flowering plants. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 139 (2013) 107-118. https://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000345370

Teo C H, Lermontova I, Houben A, Mette M F, Schubert I:

De novo generation of plant centromeres at tandem repeats. Chromosoma 122 (2013) 233-241. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-013-0406-0

Zachová D, Fojtová M, Dvořáčková M, Mozgová I, Lermontova I, Peška V, Schubert I, Fajkus J, Sýkorová E:

Structure-function relationships during transgenic telomerase expression in Arabidopsis. Physiol. Plant. 149 (2013) 114-126. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ppl.12021


Banaei-Moghaddam A M, Schubert V, Kumke K, Weiß O, Klemme S, Nagaki K, Macas J, González-Sánchez M, Heredia V, Gómez-Revilla D, González-García M, Vega J M, Puertas M J, Houben A:

Nondisjunction in favor of a chromosome: the mechanism of rye B chromosome drive during pollen mitosis. Plant Cell 24 (2012) 4124-4134. https://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.112.105270

Farré A, Cuadrado A, Lacasa-Benito I, Cistué L, Schubert I, Comadran J, Jansen J, Romagosa I:

Genetic characterization of a reciprocal translocation present in a widely grown barley variety. Mol. Breed. 30 (2012) 1109-1119. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11032-011-9698-z

Fuchs J, Schubert I:

Chromosomal distribution and functional interpretation of epigenetic histone marks in plants. In: Bass H, Birchler J A (Eds.): Plant cytogenetics: genome structure and chromosome function. (Series: Plant genetics and genomics: crops and models, Vol. 4) New York, NY [u.a.]: Springer (2012) 231-256. dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-70869-0_9 ISBN 978-0-387-70868-3

Gurushidze M, Fuchs J, Blattner F R:

The evolution of genome size variation in drumstick onions (Allium subgenus Melanocrommyum). Syst. Bot. 37 (2012) 96-104. https://dx.doi.org/10.1600/036364412x616675

Kapusi E, Ma L, Teo C H, Hensel G, Himmelbach A, Schubert I, Mette M F, Kumlehn J, Houben A:

Telomere-mediated truncation of barley chromosomes. Chromosoma 121 (2012) 181-190. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-011-0351-8

Martis M M, Klemme S, Banaei Moghaddam A M, Blattner F R, Macas J, Schmutzer T, Scholz U, Gundlach H, Wicker T, Šimková H, Novák P, Neumann P, Kubaláková M, Bauer E, Haseneyer G, Fuchs J, Doležel J, Stein N, Mayer K F X, Houben A:

Selfish supernumerary chromosome reveals its origin as a mosaic of host genome and organellar sequences. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109 (2012) 13343-13346. https://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1204237109

Róis A S, Teixeira G, Sharbel T F, Fuchs J, Martins S, Espírito-Santo D, Caperta A D:

Male fertility versus sterility, cytotype, and DNA quantitative variation in seed production in diploid and tetraploid sea lavenders (Limonium sp., Plumbaginaceae) reveal diversity in reproduction modes. Sex. Plant Reprod. 25 (2012) 305-318. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00497-012-0199-y

Schroeder I S, Sulzbacher S, Nolden T, Fuchs J, Czarnota J, Meisterfeld T, Himmelbauer H, Wobus A M:

Induction and selection of Sox17 expressing endoderm cells generated from murine embryonic stem cells. Cells Tissues Organs 195 (2012) 507-523. https://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000329864

Schubert I:

Rigomar Rieger und Arnd Michaelis. - Gemini der Pflanzencytogenetik. Vortr. Pflanzenzüchtg. 83 (2012) 115-123.

Schubert V, Berr A, Meister A:

Interphase chromatin organisation in Arabidopsis nuclei: constraints versus randomness. Chromosoma 121 (2012) 369-387. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-012-0367-8


Bennert W, Horn K, Kauth M, Fuchs J, Jakobsen I, Øllgaard B, Schnittler M, Steinberg M, Viane R:

Flow cytometry confirms reticulate evolution and reveals triploidy in Central European Diphasiastrum taxa (Lycopodiaceae, Lycophyta). Ann. Bot. 108 (2011) 867-876. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcr208

Benor S, Fuchs J, Blattner F R:

Genome size variation in Corchorus olitorius (Malvaceae s.l.) and its correlation with elevation and phenotypic traits. Genome 54 (2011) 575-585. https://dx.doi.org/10.1139/g11-021

Enke N, Fuchs J, Gemeinholzer B:

Shrinking genomes? Evidence from genome size variation in Crepis (Compositae). Plant Biol. 13 (2011) 185-193. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1438-8677.2010.00341.x

Heckmann S, Lermontova I, Berckmans B, De Veylder L, Bäumlein H, Schubert I:

The E2F transcription factor family regulates CENH3 expression in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 68 (2011) 646-656. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2011.04715.x

Jovtchev G, Borisova B E, Kuhlmann M, Fuchs J, Watanabe K, Schubert I, Mette M F:

Pairing of lacO tandem repeats in Arabidopsis thaliana nuclei requires the presence of hypermethylated, large arrays at two chromosomal positions, but does not depend on H3-lysine-9-dimethylation. Chromosoma 120 (2011) 609-619. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-011-0335-8

Karimi Ashtiyani R, Banaei Moghaddam A M, Schubert V, Rutten T, Fuchs J, Demidov D, Blattner F R, Houben A:

AtHaspin phosphorylates histone H3 at threonine 3 during mitosis and contributes to embryonic patterning in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 68 (2011) 443-454. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2011.04699.x

Lermontova I, Koroleva O, Rutten T, Fuchs J, Schubert V, Moraes I, Köszegi D, Schubert I:

Knockdown of CENH3 in Arabidopsis reduces mitotic divisions and causes sterility by disturbed meiotic chromosome segregation. Plant J. 68 (2011) 40-50. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2011.04664.x

Lermontova I, Rutten T, Schubert I:

Deposition, turnover, and release of CENH3 at Arabidopsis centromeres. Chromosoma 120 (2011) 633-640. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-011-0338-5

Marques A, Fuchs J, Ma L, Heckmann S, Guerra M, Houben A:

Characterization of eu- and heterochromatin of Citrus with a focus on the condensation behavior of 45S rDNA chromatin. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 134 (2011) 72-82. https://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000323971

Moraes I C, Lermontova I, Schubert I:

Recognition of A. thaliana centromeres by heterologous CENH3 requires high similarity to the endogenous protein. Plant Mol. Biol. 75 (2011) 253-261. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11103-010-9723-3

Moraes I C R:

Structural requirements for CENH3 targeting to centromeric chromatin. (PhD Thesis) Halle/S., Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Naturwissenschaft-liche Fakultät I, Institut für Biologie, Bereich Pflanzenphysiologie (2011) 82 pp.

Schubert I:

Sex and crime in evolution - why sexuality was so successful. Genes Genet. Syst. 86 (2011) 1-6. https://dx.doi.org/10.1266/ggs.86.1

Schubert I:

Between genes and genomes - future challenges for cytogenetics. Front. Genet. 2 (2011) 30. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2011.00030

Schubert I, Lysak M A:

Interpretation of karyotype evolution should consider chromosome structural constraints. Trends Genet. 27 (2011) 207-216. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tig.2011.03.004

Schubert I, Schubert V, Fuchs J:

No evidence for break-induced replication" in a higher plant - but break-induced conversion may occur." Front. Plant Sci. 2 (2011) 8. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2011.00008

Schubert I, Shaw P:

Organization and dynamics of plant interphase chromosomes. Trends Plant Sci. 16 (2011) 273-281. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2011.02.002

Schubert V:

No neocentric activity on Aegilops markgrafii chromosome E. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 132 (2011) 100-104. https://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000318996

Schubert V, Meister A, Tsujimoto H, Endo T R, Houben A:

Similar rye A and B chromosome organization in meristematic and differentiated interphase nuclei. Chromosome Res. 19 (2011) 645-655. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10577-011-9224-5

Sêdzielewska K A, Fuchs J, Temsch E M, Baronian K, Watzke R, Kunze G:

Estimation of the Glomus intraradices nuclear DNA content. New Phytol. 192 (2011) 794-797. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03937.x

Teo C H, Ma L, Kapusi E, Hensel G, Kumlehn J, Schubert I, Houben A, Mette M F:

Induction of telomere-mediated chromosomal truncation and stability of truncated chromosomes in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 68 (2011) 28-39. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2011.04662.x

Wiese C, Nikolova T, Zahanich I, Sulzbacher S, Fuchs J, Yamanaka S, Graf E, Ravens U, Boheler K R, Wobus A M:

Differentiation induction of mouse embryonic stem cells into sinus node-like cells by suramin. Int. J. Cardiol. 147 (2011) 95-111. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2009.08.021

Zakrzewski F, Weisshaar B, Fuchs J, Bannack E, Minoche A E, Dohm J C, Himmelbauer H, Schmidt T:

Epigenetic profiling of heterochromatic satellite DNA. Chromosoma 120 (2011) 409-422. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-011-0325-x


Banaei Moghaddam A M, Fuchs J, Czauderna T, Houben A, Mette M F:

Intraspecific hybrids of Arabidopsis thaliana revealed no gross alterations in endopolyploidy, DNA methylation, histone modifications and transcript levels. Theor. Appl. Genet. 120 (2010) 215-226. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-009-1127-x

Berr A, McCallum E J, Menard R, Meyer D, Fuchs J, Dong A W, Shen W H:

Arabidopsis SET DOMAIN GROUP2 Is required for H3K4 trimethylation and is crucial for both sporophyte and gametophyte development. Plant Cell 22 (2010) 3232-3248. https://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.110.079962

Dubin M, Fuchs J, Gräf R, Schubert I, Nellen W:

Dynamics of a novel centromeric histone variant CenH3 reveals the evolutionary ancestral timing of centromere biogenesis. Nucleic Acids Res. 38 (2010) 7526-7537. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkq664

Höfer M, Meister A:

Genome size variation in Malus species. J. Bot. 2010 (2010) Article ID 480873. https://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/480873

Hoffman M H, Schmuths H, Koch C, Meister A, Fritsch R M:

Comparative analysis of growth, genome size, chromosome numbers and phylogeny of Arabidopsis thaliana and three cooccurring species of the Brassicaceae from Uzbekistan. J. Bot. 2010 (2010) Article ID 504613. https://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/504613

Kinoshita N, Berr A, Belin C, Chappuis R, Nishizawa N K, Lopez-Molina L:

Identification of growth insensitive to ABA3 (gia3), a recessive mutation affecting ABA signaling for the control of early post-germination growth in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Physiol. 51 (2010) 239-251. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcp183

Kotseruba V, Pistrick K, Blattner F R, Kumke K, Weiss O, Rutten T, Fuchs J, Endo T, Nasuda S, Ghukasyan A, Houben A:

The evolution of the hexaploid grass Zingeria kochii (Mez) Tzvel. (2n=12) was accompanied by complex hybridization and uniparental loss of ribosomal DNA. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 56 (2010) 146-155. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2010.01.003

Ma L, Vu G T, Schubert V, Watanabe K, Stein N, Houben A, Schubert I:

Synteny between Brachypodium distachyon and Hordeum vulgare as revealed by FISH. Chromosome Res. 18 (2010) 841-850. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10577-010-9166-3

Preuten T, Cincu E, Fuchs J, Zoschke R, Liere K, Börner T:

Fewer genes than organelles: extremely low and variable gene copy numbers in mitochondria of somatic plant cells. Plant J. 64 (2010) 948-959. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2010.04389.x

Sanei M, Pickering R, Fuchs J, Banaei Moghaddam A M, Dziurlikowska A, Houben A:

Interspecific hybrids of Hordeum marinum ssp. marinum x H. bulbosum are mitotically stable and reveal no gross alterations in chromatin properties. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 129 (2010) 110-116. https://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000313641

Schmidt-Lebuhn A N, Fuchs J, Hertel D, Hirsch H, Toivonen J, Kessler M:

An Andean radiation: polyploidy in the tree genus Polylepis (Rosaceae, Sanguisorbeae). Plant Biol. 12 (2010) 917-926. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1438-8677.2009.00297.x

Sreenivasulu N, Radchuk V, Alawady A, Borisjuk L, Weier D, Staroske N, Fuchs J, Miersch O, Strickert M, Usadel B, Wobus U, Grimm B, Weber H, Weschke W:

De-regulation of abscisic acid contents causes abnormal endosperm development in the barley mutant seg8. Plant J. 64 (2010) 589-603. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2010.04350.x

Takahashi N, Quimbaya M, Schubert V, Lammens T, Vandepoele K, Schubert I, Matsui M, Inze D, Berx G, De Veylder L:

The MCM-binding protein ETG1 aids sister chromatid cohesion required for postreplicative homologous recombination repair. PLoS Genet. 6 (2010) 41-54. https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000817

Weißleder A:

Selection and characterization of Arabidopsis thaliana cohesin and condensin T-DNA insertion mutants. (PhD Thesis) Halle/S., Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät I, Institut für Biologie (2010) 90 pp.


Borchert T, Eckardt K, Fuchs J, Krüger K, Hohe A:

Whos who! in two different flower types of Calluna vulgaris (Ericaceae): morphological and molecular analyses of flower. BMC Plant Biol. 9 (2009) 148. https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2229-9-148

Demidov D, Hesse S, Tewes A, Rutten T, Fuchs J, Ashtiyani R K, Lein S, Fischer A, Reuter G, Houben A:

Aurora1 phosphorylation activity on histone H3 and its cross-talk with other post-translational histone modifications in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 59 (2009) 221-230. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2009.03861.x

Dhar M K, Fuchs J, Houben A:

Distribution of eu- and heterochromatin in Plantago ovata. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 125 (2009) 235-240. https://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000230007

Heckmann S:

Charakterisierung des Expressionsmusters des zentromerischen Histons CENH3 in Arabidopsis thaliana. (Diploma Thesis) Gatersleben, Universität Kassel, Fachbereich 18, Naturwissenschaften und Leibniz-Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung (IPK) (2009) 80 pp.

Lysak M A, Koch M A, Beaulieu J M, Meister A, Leitch I J:

The dynamic ups and downs of genome size evolution in Brassicaceae. Mol. Biol. Evol. 26 (2009) 85-98. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msn223

Rudnik R:

Die Zink-Finger Proteine C2H2 und REF6 stabilisieren die Chromatinstruktur in Interphase-Kernen von Arabidopsis thaliana. (Diploma Thesis) Gatersleben, Universität Kassel, Fachbereich 18, Naturwissenschaften und Leibniz-Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung (IPK) (2009) 91 pp.

Schubert V:

SMC proteins and their multiple functions in higher plants. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 124 (2009) 202-214. https://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000218126

Schubert V, Weissleder A, Ali H, Fuchs J, Lermontova I, Meister A, Schubert I:

Cohesin gene defects may impair sister chromatid alignment and genome stability in Arabidopsis thaliana. Chromosoma 118 (2009) 591-605. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-009-0220-x

Watanabe K, Pacher M, Dukowic S, Schubert V, Puchta H, Schubert I:

The STRUCTURAL MAINTENANCE OF CHROMOSOMES 5/6 complex promotes sister chromatid alignment and homologous recombination after DNA damage in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell 21 (2009) 2689-2699. https://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.108.060525

Xu L, Menard R, Berr A, Fuchs J, Cognat V, Meyer D, Shen W H:

The E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes, AtUBC1 and AtUBC2, play redundant roles and are involved in activation of FLC expression and repression of flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 57 (2009) 279-288. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2008.03684.x


Achigan-Dako E G, Fuchs J, Ahanchede A, Blattner F R:

Flow cytometric analysis in Lagenaria siceraria (Cucurbitaceae) correlate with usage types (bottle gourds vs. seed consumption) and growing elevation. Plant Syst. Evol. 276 (2008) 9-19. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00606-008-0075-2

Fischer U, Kuhlmann M, Pecinka A, Schmidt R, Mette M F:

Local DNA features affect RNA-directed transcriptional gene silencing and DNA methylation. Plant J. 53 (2008) 1-10. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2007.03311.x

Fuchs J, Jovtchev G, Schubert I:

The chromosomal distribution of histone methylation marks in gymnosperms differs from that of angiosperms. Chromosome Res. 16 (2008) 891-898. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10577-008-1252-4

Houben A, Dawe R K, Jiang J, Schubert I:

Engineered plant minichromosomes: a bottom-up success? Plant Cell 20 (2008) 8-10. https://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.107.056622

Jovtchev G, Watanabe K, Pecinka A, Rosin F M, Mette M F, Lam E, Schubert I:

Size and number of tandem repeat arrays can determine somatic homologous pairing of transgene loci mediated by epigenetic modifications in Arabidopsis thaliana nuclei. Chromosoma 117 (2008) 267-276. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-007-0146-0

Lermontova I, Fuchs J, Schubert I:

The Arabidopsis checkpoint protein Bub3.1 is essential for gametophyte development. Front. Biosci. 13 (2008) 5202-5211. https://dx.doi.org/10.2741/3076

Schmidt-Lebuhn A N, Fuchs J, Kessler M:

Flow cytometric measurements do not reveal different ploidy levels in Minthostachys (Lamiaceae). Plant Syst. Evol. 271 (2008) 123-128. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00606-007-0613-3

Schubert I:

Die Kunst des Unterscheidens von DNA-Enden. Naturwiss. Rdsch. 61 (2008) 30-31.

Schubert V, Kim Y M, Schubert I:

Arabidopsis sister chromatids often show complete alignment or separation along a 1.2-Mb euchromatic region but no cohesion hot spots Chromosoma 117 (2008) 261-266. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-007-0141-5

Vaillant I, Tutois S, Jasencakova Z, Douet J, Schubert I, Tourmente S:

Hypomethylation and hypermethylation of the tandem repetitive 5S rRNA genes in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 54 (2008) 299-309. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2008.03413.x

Weidner A, Schubert V, Eticha F, Iqbal N, Khlestkina E, Röder M, Börner A:

Symptom expression and chromosomal location of leaf rust resistance from Aegilops markgrafii introgressed into hexaploid wheat background. In: Börner A, Snape J W (Eds.): Proceedings of the 14th International EWAC Conference, 6 - 10 May 2007, Istanbul, Turkey. (Series: European Wheat Aneuploid Co-Operative newsletter, Vol. 14) Gatersleben: Leibniz-Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung (2008) 79-82.


Adoukonou-Sagbadja H, Schubert V, Dansi A, Jovtchev G, Meister A, Pistrick K, Akpagana K, Friedt W:

Flow cytometric analysis reveals different nuclear DNA contents in cultivated Fonio (Digitaria spp.) and some wild relatives from West-Africa. Plant Syst. Evol. 267 (2007) 163-176. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00606-007-0552-z

Baroux C, Pecinka A, Fuchs J, Schubert I, Grossniklaus U:

The triploid endosperm genome of Arabidopsis adopts a peculiar, parental-dosage-dependent chromatin organization. Plant Cell 19 (2007) 1782-1794. https://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.106.046235

Barow M, Jovtchev G:

Endopolyploidy in plants and its analysis by flow cytometry. In: Doležel J, Greilhuber J, Suda J (Eds.): Flow cytometry with plant cells: analysis of genes, chromosomes and genomes. Weinheim: WILEY-VCH Verlag (2007) 349-372. dx.doi.org/10.1002/9783527610921.ch15 ISBN 978-3-527-31487-4

Berr A, Schubert I:

Interphase chromosome arrangement in Arabidopsis thaliana is similar in differentiated and meristematic tissues and shows a transient mirror symmetry after nuclear division. Genetics 176 (2007) 853-863. https://dx.doi.org/10.1534/genetics.107.073270

Borchert T, Fuchs J, Winkelmann T, Hohe A:

Variable DNA content of Cyclamen persicum regenerated via somatic embryogenesis: rethinking the concept of long-term callus and suspension cultures. Plant Cell Tiss. Organ Cult. 90 (2007) 255-263. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11240-007-9264-x

Hartung F, Wurz-Wildersinn R, Fuchs J, Schubert I, Suer S, Puchta H:

The catalytically active tyrosine residues of both SPO11-1 and SPO11-2 are required for meiotic double-strand break induction in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 19 (2007) 3090-3099. https://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.107.054817

Houben A, Schubert I:

The cytogenetics and genomics of crop plants - Foreword. Chromosome Res. 15 (2007) 1-2. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10577-006-1110-1

Houben A, Schubert I (Eds.):

Special Issue: The cytogenetics and genomics of crop plants. No. 1. (Series: Chromosome Res., Vol. 15) (2007) 121 pp.

Houben A, Schubert I:

Engineered plant minichromosomes: a resurrection of B chromosomes? Plant Cell 19 (2007) 2323-2327. https://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.107.053603

Islam M A, Meister A, Schubert V, Kloppstech K, Esch E:

Genetic diversity and cytogenetic analyses in Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe from Bangladesh. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 54 (2007) 149-156. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-005-2639-0

Jovtchev G, Barow M, Meister A, Schubert I:

Impact of environmental and endogenous factors on endopolyploidization in angiosperms. Environ. Exp. Bot. 60 (2007) 404-411. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2006.12.007

Kim Y-M:

Untersuchungen zur Schwesterchromatidenkohäsion mittels Fluoreszens in situ Hybridisierung bei Angiospermen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Arabidopsis thaliana. (Diploma Thesis) Kassel, Universität Kassel, Fachbereich 18 - Naturwissenschaften (2007) 45 pp.

Lermontova I, Fuchs J, Schubert V, Schubert I:

Loading time of the centromeric histone H3 variant differs between plants and animals. Chromosoma 116 (2007) 507-510. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00412-007-0122-8

Lermontova I, Schubert V, Börnke F, Macas J, Schubert I:

Arabidopsis CBF5 interacts with the H/ACA snoRNP assembly factor NAF1. Plant Mol. Biol. 65 (2007) 615-625. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11103-007-9226-z

Marschner S, Meister A, Blattner F R, Houben A:

Evolution and function of B chromosome 45S rDNA sequences in Brachycome dichromosomatica. Genome 50 (2007) 638-644. https://dx.doi.org/10.1139/G07-048

Matzk F, Prodanovic S, Czihal A, Tiedemann J, Arzenton F, Blattner F R, Kumlehn J, Altschmied L, Schubert I, Johnston A, Grossniklaus U, Bäumlein H:

Genetic control of apomixis: preliminary lessons from Poa, Hypericum and wheat egg cells. In: Hörandl E, Grossniklaus U, van Dijk P J, Sharbel T F (Eds.): Apomixis: evolution, mechanisms and perspectives. (Series: Regnum vegetabile, Vol. 147) Rugell, Liechtenstein: Gantner (2007) 159-166. ISBN 978-3-906166-60-5

Meister A, Barow M:

DNA base composition of plant genomes. In: Doležel J, Greilhuber J, Suda J (Eds.): Flow cytometry with plant cells: analysis of genes, chromosomes and genomes. Weinheim: WILEY-VCH Verlag (2007) 177-215. dx.doi.org/10.1002/9783527610921.ch8 ISBN 978-3-527-31487-4

Pfündel E, Meister A:

Flow cytometry of chloroplasts. In: Doležel J, Greilhuber J, Suda J (Eds.): Flow cytometry with plant cells: analysis of genes, chromosomes and genomes. Weinheim: WILEY-VCH Verlag (2007) 251-266. dx.doi.org/10.1002/9783527610921.ch11 ISBN 978-3-527-31487-4

Schubert I:

Chromosome evolution. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 10 (2007) 109-115. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pbi.2007.01.001

Schubert V, Kim Y M, Berr A, Fuchs J, Meister A, Marschner S, Schubert I:

Random homologous pairing and incomplete sister chromatid alignment are common in angiosperm interphase nuclei. Mol. Genet. Genomics 278 (2007) 167-176. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00438-007-0242-0

Spijkerman E, Bissinger V, Meister A, Gaedke U:

Low potassium and inorganic carbon concentrations influence a possible phosphorus limitation in Chlamydomonas acidophila (Chlorophyceae). Eur. J. Phycol. 42 (2007) 327-339. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09670260701529596

Vaillant I, Tutois S, Cuvillier C, Schubert I, Tourmente S:

Regulation of Arabidopsis thaliana 5S rRNA Genes. Plant Cell Physiol. 48 (2007) 745-752. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/Pcp/Pcm043


Barow M:

Endopolyploidy in seed plants. Bioessays 28 (2006) 271-281. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bies.20371

Berr A:

Karyotype evolution and nuclear organization across the genus Arabidopsis. (PhD Thesis) Halle/S., Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg (2006) 102 pp.

Berr A, Pecinka A, Meister A, Kreth G, Fuchs J, Blattner F R, Lysak M A, Schubert I:

Chromosome arrangement and nuclear architecture but not centromeric sequences are conserved between Arabidopsis thaliana and Arabidopsis lyrata. Plant J. 48 (2006) 771-783. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2006.02912.x

Berr A, Schubert I:

Direct labelling of BAC-DNA by rolling-circle amplification. Plant J. 45 (2006) 857-862. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2005.02637.x

Börner A, Dobrovolskaya O, Khlestkina E K, Lohwasser U, Navakode S, Röder M S, Schubert V, Weidner A, Zaynali Nezhad K:

Items from Germany, Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung (IPK). Annu. Wheat Newsl. 52 (2006) 24-27.

Caperta A D, Delgado M, Ressurreição F, Meister A, Jones R N, Viegas W, Houben A:

Colchicine-induced polyploidization depends on tubulin polymerization in c-metaphase cells. Protoplasma 227 (2006) 147-153. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00709-005-0137-z

Fuchs J, Demidov D, Houben A, Schubert I:

Chromosomal histone modification patterns- from conservation to diversity. (Erratum TiPS 11 (2006) 212). Trends Plant Sci. 11 (2006) 199-208. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2006.02.008

Jovtchev G, Schubert V, Meister A, Barow M, Schubert I:

Nuclear DNA content and nuclear and cell volume are positively correlated in angiosperms. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 114 (2006) 77-82. https://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000091932

Kirik A, Pecinka A, Wendeler E, Reiss B:

The chromatin assembly factor subunit FASCIATA1 is involved in homologous recombination in plants. Plant Cell 18 (2006) 2431-2442. https://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.106.045088

Kolb C A, Wirth E, Kaiser W M, Meister A, Riederer M, Pfündel E E:

Noninvasive evaluation of the degree of ripeness in grape berries (Vitis vinifera L. Cv. Bacchus and silvaner) by chlorophyll fluorescence. J. Agric. Food Chem. 54 (2006) 299-305. https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf052128b

Lermontova I, Grimm B:

Reduced activity of plastid protoporphyrinogen oxidase causes attenuated photodynamic damage during high-light compared to low-light exposure. Plant J. 48 (2006) 499-510. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2006.02894.x

Lermontova I, Schubert V, Fuchs J, Klatte S, Macas J, Schubert I:

Loading of Arabidopsis centromeric histone CENH3 occurs mainly during G2 and requires the presence of the histone fold domain. Plant Cell 18 (2006) 2443-2451. https://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.106.043174

Lysak M, Fransz P, Schubert I:

Cytogenetic analyses of Arabidopsis. In: Salinas J, Sanchez-Serrano J J (Eds.): Arabidopsis protocols. 2nd ed. (Series: Methods in molecular biology, Vol. 323) Totowa, NJ: Humana Press (2006) 173-186. dx.doi.org/10.1385/1-59745-003-0:173 ISBN 1-588-29395-5

Lysak M A, Berr A, Pecinka A, Schmidt R, McBreen K, Schubert I:

Mechanisms of chromosome number reduction in Arabidopsis thaliana and related Brassicaceae species. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103 (2006) 5224-5229. https://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0510791103

Pecinka A, Suchankova P, Lysak M A, Travnicek B, Dolezel J:

Nuclear DNA content variation among Central European Koeleria taxa. Ann. Bot. 98 (2006) 117-122. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcl077

Pickering R, Klatte S, Butler R C:

Identification of all chromosome arms and their involvement in meiotic homoeologous associations at metaphase I in 2 Hordeum vulgare L. x Hordeum bulbosum L. hybrids. (Erratum: Genome 49 (8) 2006 1055). Genome 49 (2006) 73-78. https://dx.doi.org/10.1139/g05-071

Schubert V, Klatte M, Pecinka A, Meister A, Jasencakova Z, Schubert I:

Sister chromatids are often incompletely aligned in meristematic and endopolyploid interphase nuclei of Arabidopsis thaliana. Genetics 172 (2006) 467-475. https://dx.doi.org/10.1534/genetics.105.048363

Vaillant I, Schubert I, Tourmente S, Mathieu O:

MOM1 mediates DNA-methylation-independent silencing of repetitive sequences in Arabidopsis. EMBO Rep. 7 (2006) 1273-1278. https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.embor.7400791

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